Three years after gaining political independence on July 1st, 1960. Ghana became a republic. On this day the then Prime Minister, Kwame Nkrumah was sworn into office, becoming Ghana's first president. By becoming a republic, Ghana became free from all forms of colonialism and has been managed by both civilian and military forces. Being the first sub-Saharan African country to gain independence, Ghana was the beginning of the colonial liberation of other African countries. This day is observed as a public holiday and all citizens are advised to reflect on the political strides made by the country.