Ghana's first president, Kwame Nkrumah, was overthrown after nearly a decade in power in 1966. After firmly overturning some of Nkrumah's contested policies such as the Preventive Detention Act, the NLC began the process of establishing their government and new set of laws by forming a constitutional committee on September 1, 1966. This began to mark the formation of Ghana's 2nd Republic.
Prior to 1921 the priority of the British Empire was to develop Ghana for the priority of European capitalists and the crown without focus on native development. A fervent nationalist movement began forming in Ghana in the late 20th century and soon after the appointment of Governor Gordon Guggisberg in 1919, the Crown faced heavy pressure for drastic reforms to benefit the native Ghanaian population.