In 1954 a new constitution was approved in the Gold Coast to establish an all-African legislature to be elected by the citizenry directly. This marked a massive change in direction from the colonial regime which appointed governors and ministers on behalf of the Queen of the United Kingdom.
1956 posed a very important political event in Ghana's independence movement. Kwame Nkrumah's government proposed terms of independence to the British government. The British agreed to conditions of independence if a reasonable majority could be obtained in the Gold Coast Legislative Assembly following a direct election. Nkrumah's Convention Peoples Party won a 68% majority of the seats allowing for a transition toward independence per the agreed terms. On March 6, 1957 the Gold Coast was granted its independence from Great Britain and formed the new nation of Ghana, becoming the first sub-Saharan colony to achieve independence from European colonists.